An Overview on Skateboards & Basic Types of Skateboards


Skateboarding is a very interesting recreational activity that requires essentially skateboards to perform. Skateboards are basically sports equipments used for this activity. The essential components used in making the equipment include a Maplewood board, polyurethane coating and so forth. The polyurethane coating is used in order to ensure that the skateboard produced is more durable and also give room to greater slides.

The working mechanism of skateboard is a simple one. The equipment is pushed with one foot while the other is left on the board. It can also be operated by pushing one of the legs against bowl or some other structures. Gravity can also be leveraged in operating this equipment. When moving in line with gravity, the operator or skater does not need to apply additional force to propel the board. He just needs to stand on the board while it is sloped down by gravity. 

Types of skateboards and their functions & usages

Skateboards are basically classified into two types and these include:

  • Longboard or long skateboards,
  • Shortboard or short skateboards.

This classification is based on their length. However, when going for skateboards, you need to pay careful attention on its concavity. The concavity of a skateboard is basically important for use in performing tricks. You need a concave skateboard to perform difficult tricks. However, the more concave a skateboard is, the more difficult it might be for use. This is why amateur skateboarders are usually advised to go for less concave skateboards but professional skateboarders will obviously go for more concave ones as they allow them to perform a lot of tricks with much flexibility and ease.

The type of skateboard used in skateboarding goes a long way to affect the performance of the skateboarder besides his or her skills.

Concavity of a skateboard

The concavity of a skateboard simply stands for the curve of the board with respect to its raised tail and nose. Tricks will be difficult to perform without good concave board and as said earlier this is the major reason why professional skateboarders go for such boards. However, there are also degrees or level of concavity of skateboards. These include

  • Deep concavity,
  • Shallow concavity

Skateboards built for cruising alone do not really have profound concavity. Deep concave skateboards will make mastering skateboarding more difficult for amateur skateboarders. More so, they are also pricier and more easily damaged than shallow ones.

Basic types of skateboards

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Basic type skateboards

There are basically three types of skateboards and these include the following:

  • The deck

This is the part of the skateboard where the skateboarder stands on while skateboarding. The wider the deck, the more stable the skateboard will be for skateboarding.

  • The wheel

This is the part used in moving the skateboard. The wheel occurs in various shapes and sizes and is usually made of polyurethane. The size of the wheel also varies and can be 55 – 85 mm or 48 –54 mm.

  • Trucks

These are two metals attached to the deck of the skateboard. The truck helps in connecting the wheels and bearings to the deck. This consists of two parts which are the baseplate and the hanger. The truck also contains the bushings which is located between the hanger and the baseplate which helps in the turning effect of the skateboard.

Skateboards Image Gallery


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